Owning a pet reptile or amphibian not only takes a lot of dedication, but also more supplies than you would normally need for such a small pet. Not only do they need special kinds of food and feeding/watering accessories but they also require a habitat that best recreates the kind of conditions they are used to in the wild. They need the right kind of organic materials and fauna for them to feel at home. One aspect of making an artificial reptile habitat is often marginalized, however, and that's the right kind of lighting. Reptiles and amphibians require specific types of lighting set-ups for indoor habitats that allow them to thermo-regulate their bodies.
This means that, unlike most other types of warm-blooded mammalian pets, reptiles and amphibians depend on direct sunlight to warm their bodies. They can also detect seasonal changes in the different ways they can view more of the light spectrum through their eyes and skin. As a result, they need special lighting that allows them to bask, or position themselves, directly in full view of whatever light source you provide for them. It's especially important for these types of pets to absorb as much infrared light (UVB) as possible since this type of photon radiation is the primary way they warm their cold blood and digest certain vitamins and minerals from the food they eat.
Ultraviolet light, or UV light, is also useful for them since reptiles can perceive more of the color spectrum than humans can and often adjust their finicky behavior as a result - making artificial lighting set-ups particularly tricky to get right. The right lighting can affect their eating habits, their activity and even their reproductive behavior if you have a male and female pet. You have to provide ample amounts of full-spectrum lighting to help heat their bodies and let them see all the colors their eyes are able to perceive if you don't want to their eyesight to deteriorate. This makes natural sunlight the preferred option but often people can't utilize sunlight depending on where the habitat is kept. The type of bulb you use (incandescent, fluorescent, halogen or LED) directly affects the kind of light spectrum you can artificially create.
Everything having to do with stands or lamp styles are secondary to the type of bulb used. With these obstacles in mind, here are the 5 best artificial lighting set-ups for pet reptile and amphibian habitats.